[ruby-cvs:72852] shyouhei:r65752 (trunk): enc/unicode.c: 'a' is bigger than 'A'

shyouhei at ruby-lang.org shyouhei at ruby-lang.org
Fri Nov 16 11:34:00 JST 2018

shyouhei	2018-11-16 11:34:00 +0900 (Fri, 16 Nov 2018)

  New Revision: 65752


    enc/unicode.c: 'a' is bigger than 'A'
    In ASCII, 'a' is bigger than 'A'. Which means 'A' - 'a' is a negative
    number (-32, to be precise). In C, the type of 'a' and 'A' are signed
    int (cf: ISO/IEC 9899:1990 section So 'A' - 'a' is also a
    signed int. It is `(signed int)-32`.
    The problem is, OnigCodePoint is unsigned int. Adding a negative
    number to a variable of OnigCodepoint (`code` here) introduces an
    unintentional cast of `(unsigned)(signed)-32`, which is
    4,294,967,264. Adding this value to code then overflows, and the
    result eventually becomes normal codepoint.
    The series of operations are not a serious problem but because
    `code >= 'a'` holds, we can `(code - 'a') + 'A'` to reroute this.
    See also: https://github.com/k-takata/Onigmo/pull/107

  Modified files:

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